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July 2, 2010

Flag of Brazil


Acording to the Brazilian Constitution, the four official symbols of the Federative Republic of Brazil are the Flag of Brazil, the National Anthem, the Coat of Arms of the Republic and the National Seal.

Flag of Brazil

After the proclamation of the Republic in 1889, a new Brazilian flag was created to represent the conquests and the historical moment for the country. Designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes and Miguel Lemos, with pictures by Décio Vilares, it was inspired in the Empire Flag, drawn by the French painter Jean Baptiste Debret. In the blue sky globe, the words "Order and Progress" was taken from the maximum formula of Positivism: "Love as a principle, order as a basis, and progress as aim", a tendency of thinking created by the French philosopher Auguste Comte.

In the circle, the sky as seen from Rio de Janeiro is represented, with the Southern Cross, at 8:30 AM, November 15, 1889, the Republic Proclamation Day. The stars are those that were bright in the Brazilian sky in that historic morning. Each star represents a Brazilian state and, according to the Law no. 8421, as of May 11th 1992, it must be updated in case of creation or extinction of any state. The only star above the words "Order and Progress" is called Spica and represents the state of Pará.

Brazil Flag

The federal Law no. 5700 defines the flag protocol in Brazil. The flag must be permanently flown at the Praça dos Três Poderes in Brasília (the capital of Brazil). The flag must be raised and lowered daily at the Presidential Palaces (Palácio do Planalto and Palácio da Alvorada); Ministries; the National Congress; the Supreme Federal Tribunal; the Supreme Court of Justice; seats of the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches; diplomatic missions; Federal, state and local institutions; and merchant navy units. At private and public schools, a special flag ceremony must be held, at least once a week, during the academic year. The flag of Brazil must have proper illumination when displayed at night.

In the Empire period, the colors of the flag of Brazil, green and yellow, symbolized the olive trees surrounding the Royal House of Bragança and the Imperial House of Habsburgs. Some time later, those meanings were adapted and the green color started symbolizing our forests and the golden yellow our wealth. The blue color represents the sky and the white color peace.

The Brazil Flag

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